Key Terms for the Central Dogma and Heredity

Replication
Transcription
DNA Polymerase
RNA Polymerase
Translation
Ribosome
Codon
Anticodon
mRNA, tRNA, rRNA

Reading Frame
Mutation
Kinds of Mutations: Insertion, Deletion, Substitution, Silent, Nonsense, Missense, Frameshift
Chromosome
Autosomes
Sex Chromosomes
Homologous Chromosomes
Homologous Recombination
Nondisjunction
Diploid, Monoploid, Aneuploid
Gametes
Alleles
Dominant and Recessive Alleles
Modes of Inheritance: Incomplete Dominance, Co-Dominance, Pleiotropic Genes, Epistasis, Polygenic Inheritance
Linked Genes
Sex-Linked Traits
Punnet Square
Testcross
Pedigree

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